S LC GIAO HOI CONG GIAO VIET NAM
( 1533 2000 )

Lm Tran Anh Dung, Paris

Non song gam voc at nc ai viet on nhan Tin Mng cu o c Kito t nhng ngay au the ky XVI . "Kham nh S Viet Thong Giam Cng Muc " ghi nhan s kien :"nam Nguyen Hoa nguyen nien(1533), thang ba, ngay i vua Le trang Ton, co ngi Tay Dng ten I-ne-Khu len vao xa Ninh Cng, xa Quan Anh huyen Nam Chan, va xa Tra Lu huyen Giao Thuy, am tham truyen ba Da To ta ao (1) . Nam 1533 ghi dau vang son ,va lch s truyen giao cua Giao Hoi Cong Giao Viet nam co the phan chia lam ba giai oan : 

I.   Khai sinh trong au kho ( the ky XVI XVII va XVIII )

II. Trng thanh trong mau ao ( the ky XIX )

III. Phat trien trong phuc vu (the ky XX )

I. KHAI SINH TRONG AU KHO ( The ky XVI XVII XVIII )  

Thi phoi thai cua Giao Hoi Viet Nam ghi dau bc chan rao giang Tin Mng tai Ha Tien cua cac giao s dong a Minh en t quan ao Malacca nh Luis de Foncesca, Gregroire de la Motte va Gaspar de Santa Cruz vao nam 1550. Tai ang Ngoai, cac giao s Diego Doropesa, Bartolomeo Ruiz, Pedro Ortiz, Francisco de Montila va bon tr s en t tnh dong a Minh Phi luat tan, truyen ao tai vung An Quang (Quang Yen), nam 1583 .

Tai ang Trong, mua xuan 1615, hai giao s Francesco Buzomi, Diego Carvalho va ba tr s Dong Ten cap ben Ca Han, Quang Nam e rao truyen Tin Mng, di quyen Chua Nguyen cat c. Nhng the he tiep noi nh Francois de Pina, Christopho Bori; nhat la Alexandre de Rhodes ( ac Lo ), khuon mat noi bat trong viec sang tao ch "quoc ng " da theo mau t latinh va thiet lap oan "thay giang " .

Thang 2 nam 1626, tai kinh o ang Ngoai, Chua Trnh Trang tiep kien giao s Julien Baldinotti, nhng cong viec truyen giangTin Mng ch at ket qua kha quan vi s cap ben Ca Bang (thanh Hoa ) vao ngay le thanh Giuse 19-3-1627, cua hai giao s dong Ten : ac Lo va Pierre Marquez. Giao oan Ke Ch moi ngay them tang trng so giao hu nh s cong tac ac lc cua cac "Thay giang ". Phat ong cong trnh bien soan giao ly, sang tac kinh nguyen, th, van bang ch Nom do cac giao s khi xng nh Gaspar d'Amaral, Antoine Barbosa va nhat la Gieronimo Majorica vi s ong gop quan trong cua cac thay giang nhiet thanh .

Trong chuyen tr ve Roma, giao s ac Lo a van ong Bo Truyen Giao an hanh hai tac pham ch quoc ng au tien(1651) cua chnh tac gia :

Phep giang tam ngay cho ke muan chu phep ra toi ma beao ao c Chua Bli , sach day 324 trang, moi trang in song ng Latin va Viet .

T ien Viet Bo latinh (Dictionarium Annamiticum Lusitanum et Latinum ) , sach day 500 trang, mot chng t lch s vo gia ve ch quoc ng thi phoi thai . 

Do tng trnh cua giao s ac Lo ve hien trang canh ong truyen giao ang chn vang tren at Viet va e ngh cua Bo Truyen Giao, c Thanh Cha Alexandre th VII ban hanh Tong th "Super Cathedram " thiet lap hai giao phan truyen giao au tien tren at Viet ngay 09-09-1659 va ong thi tuyen chon hai tha sai Hoi Truyen Giao Ba Le lam " Giam quan tong toa " :

* Giao phan ang Trong t song Gianh tr vao Nam, bao gom phan at Chiem Thanh, Chan Lap, va e c Giam Muc Lambert de la Motte (MEP ) lam Giam quan tong toaau tien.

* Giao phan ang Ngoai t song Gianh tr ra Bac va bao gom mien Nam Trung Hoa, ong thi uy nhiem Giam Muc Francois Pallu (MEP ) lam Giam quan tong toa tien khi .

Gi ay tren canh ong truyen giao, cong cuoc rao giang Tin Mng c tiep noi vi hang giao s ban quoc, bon thay ca tien khi c tuyen chc tai chung vien Juthia, Thai Lan, do viec at tay cua Giam muc Lambert de la Motte la Giuse Trang (thang3-1668),Gioan Hue va Benedicto Hien (6-1668) va Luca Ben (1669). Cac giao s dong Ten a tuyen chon va huan luyen to chc cac "Thay giang " qua viec hnh thanh "nha c Chua Tri " e tr lc trong cong tac tong o, giang day giao ly cho tan tong, thay the cac giao s khi cac ngai b truc xuat hoac tnh the kho khan va quan tr tai san cong oan .

Nam 1670, Giam muc Lambert de la Motte chnh thc vieng tham giao phan ang Ngoai va to chc cong ong au tien tai Pho Hien (thang 2) truyen chc cho 7 thay ca, 48 thay nhan lanh bon chc nho. Vao mua chay, ngai khi xng i song tu tr cho ngi phu n ban x qua viec thiet lap va phe chuan luat "Dong Men Thanh Gia ", cac ch song cong oan, at cua cai lam tai san chung, di quyen cua ba be tren, hang ngay nguyen ngam s kho nan cua Chua Kito tren Thanh gia. Cong viec muc vu cua cac ch la day giao ly cho ngi ngheo, vieng tham ngi gia yeu, ban thuoc vien va nhat la ra toi cho cac em nho hap hoi con nha ngheo tung trong moi hang cung ngo hem cua thon lang .

Tiep tay ac lc trong cong viec truyen giang Tin Mng vi cac giao s, tha sai, thay ca, va thay giang la "Hoi ong quy chc ", cac ong chanh trng, ong trum, ong bien, ho la nhng giao hu hang say, niet thanh, can am, hi sinh chnh mang song e bao toan, che giau, bao boc cac tha sai, cac thay ca trong thi cam cach bat ao. Quy chc la nhng chng nhan c tin, cung co niem tin cua anh ch em tn hu trong canh tu ay hay phan sap gia nhng gia nh trong lang cac lng dan. Nhng net tham am, vang son viet nen trang s oai hung cua Giao Hoi tren que hng at Viet la hang giao s ban quoc, cac thay giang, cac ch em dong Men Thanh Gia va hang quy chc.

Vao cuoi the ky XVIII, mot trong cac khuon mat noi bat gia cac v Tha sai la Giam muc Ba a Loc (Pigneau de Behaine ) ben canh hoang t Canh va Chua nguyen phuc Anh; khong nen qua chu y enhoat ong tran the cua nha tha sai tran ay nhiet huyet ma thieu quan tam en nhng ong gop tch cc ve lanh vc ton giao, van hoa. Giam muc Ba a loc la tac gia hai tac pham :

* Thanh Giao Yeu Ly bang ch Nom, an hanh nam1774 bao gom 230 cau hoi va tra li, day 70 trang, ban khac in ch chan phng rat ep .

* Dictionarium Anamitico Latinum nam 1772, thu ban day 729 trang, tang tr tai van kho Hoi Tha sai Ba Le, ky hieu V.1060 (128 rue du Bac 75007 Paris ) .  

II. TRNG THANH TRONG MAU AO

Nam 1802, Vua Gia Long thong nhat sn ha, m ra trieu ai nha Nguyen, tnh hnh on nh, lang ong. Tnh trang Giao Hoi Cong Giao Viet nam c ghi nhan nh sau :

Giao phan ang Trong : 1 giam muc, 5 ha sai, 15 thay ca va 60.000 tn hu

Giao phan Tay ang Ngoai : 1 giam muc, 4 tha sai, 41 thay ca va 120.000 giao dan.

Giao phan ong ang Ngoai : 1 giam muc, 4 tha sai, 41 thay ca va 140.000 giao dan.(2)

Hat giong Tin Mng c gieo vao long dan Viet, am tham ln len va am hoa ket trai; nhng biet bao giong to kinh hoang, bat b, giam cam, tra tan, tham sat va phan sap cac tn hu v niem tin sat son vao c Kito qua nhng thang tram lch s cac trieu ai :

- 30.000 anh hung Viet nam T ao di thi Chua Trnh ang ngoai; Chua nguyen va Nha Tay Sn ang Trong.

- 40.000 chien s c tin a anh dung tuyen xng c tin di ba trieu ai: Minh Mang (1820-1841), Thieu Tr (1841-1847) va T c (1848-1883).

- 60.000 tn hu kieu hung chet v tin vao Chua Kito do viec bat b, tham sat, phan sap cua phong trao Van Than (1862-1885).

Trong so 130.000 tien nhan anh dung hi sinh mang song e bao ve c tin :

- 64 v c ton phong "chan phc" do c Thanh Cha leo XIII ngay 07-05-1900

- 8 v c nang len hang "chan phc" do c Thanh Cha Pio X ngay 15-04-1906 va them 20 V vao ngay 11-04-1909 .

- 25 V c tuyen xng "chan phc " do c Thanh Cha Pio XII ngay 29-04-1951 .

117 Chan phc t ao Viet nam gom co 96 V thanh Viet nam, 10 Thanh thuoc hoi Tha sai ba le va 11 V thuoc dong a minh Tay ban Nha. Cac ngai bao gom moi thanh phan dan Chua :

- 8 Giam muc (6 dong a Minh, 2 Hoi Tha sai Ba Le )

- 50 linh muc (37 linh muc Viet nam, 5 giao s dong a Minh Tay ban Nha va 8 tha sai Phap )

- 16 thay giang va 1 chung sinh (Toma Tran van Thien )

- 42 giao dan (1 phu n : Thanh Anne Le th Thanh ).

Theo giong thi gian, gia 117 anh hung c tin co :

- 2 V t ao thi Chua Trnh Doanh (1740 -1767 )

- 2 V o mau ao di i Chua Trnh Sam (1767 -1782 )

- 2 V i Vua Canh Thnh (1782 1802 )

- 57 V t ao i Vua Minh Mang (1820 1841 )

- 3 V i Vua Thieu Tr ( 1841 1847 ) -

- 51 V di i Vua T c (1847 1883)  

Ben canh nhng v tha sai va thay ca can trng, song chet vi oan chien e bao ve c tin, van con nhng tha sai am tham thu thap nhng tai lieu, nghien cu, nh giam muc Jean Louis Taberd (T ) (MEP) vi s cong tac tch cc cua chung sinh Philipphe Phan van Minh va Gioan oan trinh Hoan ( hai v Thanh linh muc t ao tng lai ) tai chung vien Penang. Cac v lu lai hai cuon t ien c anh gia cao ve phng dien ng hoc Viet Nam :

* Nam Viet Dng hiep T ien (Dictionarium Anamitico latinum ), sach day 820 trang, kho ln 21 cm x 27 cm . 

* Dictionarium latino Anamiticum, day 708 trang vi 85 trang phu luc hoc tieng Latin; 135 trang am thoai 4 th tieng Viet Latin Phap Anh ; "Ine T ao van " dai 563 cau va phu them "An Nam ai Quoc hoa o " (75 x 50 cm), sach an hanh tai Bengale (An o) vao nam 1838 .  

Nam 1868, di trieu Vua T c, mot chieu ch c ban hanh, trieu nh phan loai hai hang con dan trong nc :"lng dan " bao gom nhng con dan hien lanh, lng thien, an phan thu thng; va "du dan " la nhng ngi theo ao "Da To ", ao Tay phng, nhng ngi xau nh chnh t ng "du " dien ta, du la ten loai co dai, moc chung va pha hoai ruong lua? Phai chang trieu nh muon ap dung hnh anh du ngon "giong co dai " trong Tin Mng Mattheu 13,24-30 ? V the, nhng ong gop xay dng bao ve at nc cua s phu Cong giao nh Nguyen trng To khong c trieu nh nha Nguyen chap nhan .

Mau ao t ao lam phat sinh hat giong c tin, vao cuoi the ky XIX, tnh hnh Giao Hoi tang trng khong ngng, trong canh ong truyen giao co them s gop mat cua cac dong tu en t Au Chau : Dong Kn chiem niem, Dong S huynh Lasan, Dong Chua Quan Phong, Dong Thanh Phaolo thanh Chartres tiep tay trong cac hoat ong van hoa, xa hoi. Thong ke vao nam 1889 cua 8 giao phan nh sau :

1- Giao phan Tay ang Trong : Giam muc Jean Depierre e (MEP), 52 tha sai, 42 thay ca, 189 nha th va nha nuyen, 2 chung vien vi 214 chung sinh, 1 nha Dong Kn, 12 c s xa hoi Dong Phaolo thanh Chartres vi 130 n tu, 4 nha Dong Men Thanh Gia vi 295 d phc, 110 trng hoc day 7.236 hoc sinh, 5 vien mo coi cham soc 620 tre em, 5 benh vien thng xuyen ieu tr 4000 benh nhan va 56.000 giao hu .

2- Giao phan ong ang Trong : Giam muc Desire Van Camelbeke (MEP), 25 tha sai, 14 thay ca, 40 nha th, 1 chung vien vi 54 chung sinh, 12 nha dong n vi 440 n tu, 2 vien mo coi cham soc 894 em, 10 trng hoc day 472 hoc sinh va 17.773 giao dan .

3- Giao phan bac ang Trong : Giam muc Louis Marie Caspar Loc (MEP) 20 tha sai, 26 thay ca , 58 nha th va nha nguyen, 2 chung vien vi 51 chung sinh, 7 tu vien vi 420 ch em Dong Men Thanh Gia, 34 trng hoc day 920 hoc sinh, 2 vien mo coi cham soc 200 em va 19.932 giao dan .

4- Giao phan Cao Mien : 1 Giam muc, 26 tha sai, 3 thay ca, 24 thay giang, 58 nha th va nha nguyen, 1 chung vien vi vi 96 chung sinh, 3 tu vien Dong Chua Quan Phong vi 42 n tu, 3 tu vien dong Men thanh Gia, 4 vien mo coi 2 benh vien, 5 trng hoc day 1.947 hoc sinh va 17.500 bon ao .

5- Giao phan Tay ang Ngoai : Giam muc Pierre Jean Marie Gendrau ong (MEP), 43 tha sai, 97 thay ca, 3 cung vien vi 355 chung sinh, 425 nha th va nha nguyen va 200.000 tn hu .

6- Giao phan ong ang Ngoai : giam muc Jose Terres Hien (OP), 8 giao s a minh Tay ban Nha va 2 Viet nam, 32 thay ca, 82 thay giang, 40 ai chung sinh, 281 tieu chung sinh, 3 tu vien vi 58 n tu a Minh, 6 n tu dong Phaolo thanh Chartres, 1 benh vien, 4 vien mo coi, 21 hat vi 208 ho ao va 41.120 tn hu .

7- Giao phan Nam ang Ngoai : Giam muc Louis Pineau Tr (MEP), 22 tha sai, 59 thay ca, 2 chung vien vi 160 chung sinh, 58 trng hoc day thng xuyen 2.410 hoc trova 72.000 tn hu .

8- Giao phan Trung ang Ngoai : Giam muc Mazime Fernandez nh (OP), 12 giao s a minh Tay ban Nha va 4 Viet Nam, 66 thay ca, 52 ai chung sinh, 66 tieu chung sinh, 19 tu vien n a Minh, 3 benh vien, 710 ho ao va 189.110 giao dan (3)

Nhng thap nien cuoi the ky XIX, Giao Hoi quan tam thiet lap cac nha in e pho bien sach kinh, giao ly, tu c, phung vu, Kinh Thanh, cac loai t ien, sach giao khoa nh nha in Tan nh, Ke S, Ninh Phu ng, Trung hoa, Lang Song ... 

Ve mat van hoa co nhng tac pham lch s, t ien, phien dch cua Trng vnh Ky va Huynh tnh Cua; ve phan thieng lieng tu c khong the khong e cap en cac sach cua cha Phaolo Qui, cha Ho ngoc Can. Tuan bao "Nam Ky a phan " phat hanh lien tuc t nam 1908 1945 (4)  

III. PHAT TRIEN TRONG PHUC VU ( THE KY XX)

Canh ong truyen giao Viet nam tham am mau ao t ao e tang trng khong ngng. Trong phien hop ngay 30-06-1924 di s chu toa cua Giam muc Henri Lecroat (SJ) thanh tra Toa Thanh, cac giam muc mien ong Dng a e ngh Bo Truyen Giao oi ten cac giao phan, t ay cac giao phan se lay ten thanh pho co Toa Giam muc thay v s dung danh xng theo hanh chanh dan s. Toa thanh thiet lap Toa kham S tai ong Dng, at tai Phu Cam, Hue, vao nam 1925. Vao ung 400 nam (1533- 1933) sau ngay Tin Mng c rao giang tren at Viet, c Thanh Cha Pio XI a tan phong Giam muc tien khi Viet Nam : Gioan Baotixita Nguyen ba Tong ngay 11-06-1933 tai en th Thanh Phero.

c Kham s Colomban Dreyer trieu tap cong ong ong Dng tai Ha Noi t 16-11 en 06-12-1934 vi s tham d cua 19 giam muc, 5 be tren thng cap cac dong a Minh, Phan Sinh, Xito, Chua Cu The va Hoi linh muc Xuan Bch cung vi 21 linh muc co van va chuyen vien, chia thanh 5 tieu ban nhom hop, thao luan va uc ket thanh qua "Quy che muc vu cong ong ong Dng " gom 5 cuon vi 426 khoan nham muc ch :

- Thiet lap tiem tien hang giao pham Viet nam .

- ao tao va thang tien hang giao s Viet nam nham ap ng nhu cau muc vu thi ai.

- Co vo tinh than song ao va truyen ao cua giao dan qua cac phong trao cong giao tien hanh .

Thanh qua ng hng muc vu cua cong ong ghi dau bc tien quan trong, nhieu giao phan mi c chia va thanh lap : Giao phan Phat Diem, Thanh Hoa (1932), Thai Bnh (1936), Vnh Long (1938), Lang Sn (1939), Can Th (1955), song song vi viec tuyen chon va lien tiep tan phong cac giam muc Viet Nam : Gm ho ngoc Can (1935), Gm Ngo nh Thuc (1938), Gm Phan nh Phung (1940), Gm Le hu T (1945), cac Gm Trnh nh Khue, Pham ngoc Chi, Trng cao ai (OP), Hoang van oan (OP) (1950), Gm Tran hu c (1951), Gm Nguyen van Bnh va Nguyen van Hien (1955) .

Theo nhp thang tram cua at nc, hiep nh Geneve ngay 20-07-1954, phan chia hai mien nam bac; so ong giao s, tu s nam n va hn 650.000 giao hu di c vao mien nam; Giao Hoi mien Bac con lai trong 10 giao phan co : 7 giam muc,374 linh mu va so t tu s phuc vu 750.000 tn hu ( 5 ).

Theo thong ke Bo Truyen Giao, Giao Hoi tai Mien nam nam 1957 co : 1.100.000 giao dan, 67.854 tan tong, 254 ai chung sinh, 1.672 thay giang va 1.264 linh muc. Giao Hoi phat trien khong ngng e phuc vu tha nhan qua cac moi trng ton giao, van hoa, xa hoi : Vien ai hoc cong giao alat khanh thanh nam 1958; Giao Hoang Hoc Vien Pio X khai giang nam 1958 do cac giao s Dong Ten am trach .

e ky niem 300 nam thanh lap hai giao phan au tien (1659 1959 ) va ghi dau s phat trien cua giao Hoi Viet nam : ai Hoi Thanh Mau toan quoc c to chc tai Saigon ngay 17 en 19-02-1959 di s chu toa cua c Hong y Gregogio Agagianian, quyen Tong trng Bo Truyen Giao .  

Va ngay 24 -11-1960 qua Tong th "Venerabilium Nostrrorum " c Thanh Cha Gioan XXIII thiet lap hang Giao Pham Cong GiaoViet Nam " vi ba Giao tnh : Ha Noi, Hue, va Saigon. Tong Th c cong bo ngay Le knh c Me Vo Nhiem Nguyen Toi, ngay 08-02-1960 :

- Giao tnh Ha Noi bao gom cac Giao phan Lang Sn, Hai Phong, bac Ninh, Hng Hoa, Thai Bnh, Bui Chu, Phat Diem, Thanh Hoa va Vinh .

- Giao tnh Hue gom cac giao phan : Quy Nhn, Nha Trang va Komtum .

- Giao Tnh Saigon quy tu cac giao phan Vnh Long, Can Th, va ba giao phan mi c thanh lap : alat, My Tho va Long Xuyen .

Hat giong Tin Mng am sau trong long at me, phat sinh hoa trai i song c tin kien cng cua ngi tn hu, them nhieu Giao phan mi lien tuc c thiet lap : Giao phan a nang (1963), Phu Cng va Xuan Loc (1966), Ban Me Thuoc (1967) va sau cung la Phan Thiet (1975). Trong hoai bao va c vong mang Tin Mng c kito cho cac dan toc lan bang nh Cao mien, Ai lao, va Thai lan, Hoi Tha sai viet nam c thanh hnh nam 1972 .

Bien co thang 4 nam 1975, mot so ong bao di tan, vt bien ra nc ngoai; at nc hoan toan thong nhat, sc song cua Me Giao Hoi Viet Nam kien cng, manh liet di s hng dan tinh than cua Hoi og Giam Muc Viet nam. Trong phien hop au tien tai Ha Noi, ngay 01-05-1980, cac Giam muc Viet Nam minh nh va cng quyet theo ng hng muc vu :"Giao Hoi Viet Nam song Phuc am va hoa mnh gia long dan toc ".

Lan au tien tong dong lch s Giao Hoi Viet nam, c Tong Giam Muc Giuse Maria Trnh nh Khue, Tong giam Muc Ha Noi, uc thang len hang Hong Y tien khi do c Thanh Cha Phaolo VI vao ngay 30-06-1978.

Ngay vinh quang, khai hoan, ngay 19-06-1988, c Thanh Cha Gioan Phaolo II a long trong ton phong 117 Thanh T ao Viet nam tai Cong trng Thanh Phero vi s tham d cua hang ngan giao hu Viet nam trong niem tri an cac tien nhan anh dung, bat khuat, trung kien o mau ao v niem tin son sat vao c Kito va Giao Hoi .

Nh li c Thanh Cha Gioan Phaolo II trong s iep gi cho Hoi ong Giam Muc Viet Nam dp ky niem 25 nam thanh lap (1960-1985) :" Neu hat giong hom qua gieo vao long lch s a co mot qua kh oai hung, cung se bao am muon phan phong phu cho tng lai mua hoa n trong vn hoa Giao Hoi Viet Nam cua quy ch huynh " .

Theo ban thong ke nam 1995, Me Giao Hoi Viet nam hom nay hien dien trong 25 giao phan, vi 4 trieu 500.000 tn hu,tren tong so 73 ttieu dan, chiem 6,5 % dan so toan quoc; c cham soc bi 32 Giam Muc, 1866 linh muc, 850 ai chung sinh trong 6 ai chung vien : Thanh Giuse (Thanh Pho Ho ch Minh), Can Th, Sao Bien Nha Trang, Xuan Bch Hue, Vinh Thanh, va Thanh Giuse Ha Noi. Hien dien gia long dan Chua con co cac cong oan tu tr, song i chiem niem hay hoat ong tong o, moi ngay cang tang trng ve pham cung nh lng .

So tu s cac dong nam la 1.523 tren toan nc; c ghi nhan vao nam 1993 : Dong Bien c (53 an s), Dong Chua Cu The (124 tu s), Dong Ten (40), Dong aMinh Lyon (9), Tnh Dong a Minh Viet Nam (112), Dong ong Cong(140), Dong c Me ngi ngheo (10), Dong Lasan (66), Dong Phan Sinh Viet Nam (109), Dong Sa-le-dieng (108), Dong Thanh The (20), Dong Xito (230), Dong Thanh Tam Hue (40), Dong Thanh Giuse Nha Trang (50), Dong Tieu e Giesu (6), Hoi linh muc Xuan Bch (13). Va cac tu hoi i nam : Tu Hoi Nha Chua (59), Tu Hoi Nha Chua truyen giao (3), Tu hoi Nhap The tan hien ( 33), Tu Hoi Toi Ta Thanh Linh (5) .

n goi "Hien Dang Phuc Vu " n c thong ke vao nam 1993 nh sau : Dong Bien c (21 an s), Dong Cat Minh (73), Dong Clara (18), Dong Con c Me Man Coi (245 n tu), Dong Con c Me phu ho (23) Dong c Ba (30), Dong c Ba Truyen Giao (65), Dong N Lasan (25), Dong Phan Sinh Tha Sai c Me (103), Dong Thanh Phaolo thanh Chartres (300), Dong Thanh Phaolo Thien Ban (4)Dong N tu bac ai Vinh Sn (250), Dong Con c Me, Me Thien Chua (60), Dong Khiet Tam c Me Nha Trang (110), Dong Thanh Phao lo My Tho (134), Dong Thanh Phaolo a Nang (320), Dong c Me ngi ngheo (4), Dong N ty Chua Giesu linh muc (142), Dong N ty thanh The (20), Dong Cat Minh Bnh trieu (73), Dong Men Thanh Gia Hng Hoa (51), Dong Men Thanh Gia Thanh Mau Ha Noi (139), Dong Men Thanh Gia Thanh Hoa (52), Dong Men Thanh Gia Lu Phng Phat Diem (22), Dong Men Thanh Gia Vinh Xa oai (167), Dong Men Thanh Gia Hue Co o (263), Dong Men Thanh Gia Cai Nhum (131), Dong Men Thanh Gia Thu Thiem (287), Dong Men Thanh Gia Cai Mn (292), Dong Men Thanh Gia Ch Quan (318), Dong Men Thanh Gia Phat Diem (303), Dong Men Thanh Gia Thanh Hoa alat (263), Dong Men Thanh Gia Ha Noi Thu c (71), Dong Men Thanh Gia Tan Bnh Nha Trang (106), Dong Men Thanh Gia Quy nhn (221), Dong Men Thanh Gia Can Th Soc Trang (77), Dong Men Thanh Gia Tan Lap Thai Bnh (91), Dong Men Thanh Gia Tan An (20), Dong Men Thanh Gia Bac Ninh (65), Dong Men Thanh Gia Tan Viet (74), Dong Men Thanh Gia Phan Thiet (63), Dong Men Thanh Gia Hue, Xuan Loc (77), Dong Chua Quan Phong (496), Dong Con c Me i vieng (96), Dong Con c Me Lavang Phu Cng (60), Dong Con c Me Vo Nhiem (66), Dong c Me Trinh Vng (192), Dong N Vng Hoa Bnh Ban me Thuoc (123), Dong n aMinh Lang Sn (82), Dong N aMinh Rosa de Lima Thai Bnh-Bac Ninh- Hai Phong (297), Dong N aMinh Thanh The (7), Dong N aMinh Thanh Tam (140), Dong N aMinh Tam Hiep, Bui Chu nam (151), Dong t hien aMinh Bui Chu bac (137), Dong Chua Giesu Hai ong (2),Dong Tieu Muoi Chua Giesu (8), Dong Dang Truyen (10), Dong Anh Phep la Komtum (63). Va cac tu hoi i n :Tu Hoi bac ai (30), Tu Hoi n lao ong truyen giao (16), Tu Hoi Nhap The tan hien (67), Tu Hoi No Ty Thien Chua (68), Tu Hoi No Ty Cong Giao Maria (45), Tu Hoi Toi ta Thanh Tam (20), Tu Hoi Tham Vieng (100). Tong so tng oi la 8.822 n tu tren toan quoc ( 6 ) .

Sau 20 nam (1975-1995) phat trien tai hai ngoai, Cong ong cong giao Viet nam bao gom khoang 300.000 tn hu tren 27 quoc gia nh c ( khoang 15 % ngi Viet nam tai hai ngoai ) c phuc vu bi 633 linh muc, 30 tu s, 31 pho te vnh vien, 96 ai chung sinh, va 241 n tu ( 7 ) .

Nam 1997, nam that ac biet vi giao x Viet Nam tai Paris mng ky niem 50 nam (1947-1997) thanh lap : ay la cong oan tn hu Viet Nam tai hai ngoai ky cu nhat. Thanh le ta n do c tong Giam Muc Mario Tagliaferri, S Than toa thanh tai Phap chu te vao ngay 11-05-1997 .

Ngay 09-03-1998, c Thanh Cha Gioan Phaolo II a bo nhiem c Cha Gioan Baotixita Pham minh Man lam Tong Giam Muc Tong Giao Phan Thanh Pho Ho ch Minh va c Cha Tephano Nguyen nh The lam Tong giam Muc Tong Giao phan Hue .

Hang tram ngan tn hu hanh hng ve linh a La Vange tham d tam Nhat ai le ky niem 200 nam c Me hien ra tai La Vang (1798-1998) t 13 en 15-08-1998 la mot bien co ton giao trong ai, la le chung cua Giao Hoi Cong giao Viet Nam. Thanh le be mac do c hong y ac s Phaolo Pham nh Tung chu te vi s hien dien cua nhieu Giam Muc va linh muc ong te. Toan the dan Chua taiViet nam c mi goi sam hoi, oi mi i song , hoc hoi noi gng Me Maria va " Cung Me LaVang tien ve Nam Thanh Cu o 2000 " .

Mua xuan 1999, Mua xuan cua Giao Hoi Viet Nam trc ngng ca nam 2000 vi viec c Thanh Cha Gioan Phaolo II bo nhiem 5 tan Giam Muc : c tan giam muc Phero Tran nh T, Giam muc Phu Cng, tan phong tai Roma ngay 06-01; c tan giam muc Bui van oc, Giam muc My Tho, tan phong tai Nha Th Chnh Toa alat ngay 20-05 ; c tan giam muc Giuse Ngo quang Kiet, giam muc Lang Sn va c tan Giam muc pho Giuse Tran xuan Tieu, Giao phan Long Xuyen, tan phong ngay 29-06 tai Nha Th Chnh Toa long Xuyen. Va c tan giam muc Phero Nguyen Soan, Giam Muc Quy Nhn, tan phong ngay 12-08-1999 tai Nha Th Chanh Toa Quy Nhn .

Hoi ong Giam muc Viet Nam trong phien hop thng nien t ngay 11 en 16-10 tai ai chung vien Sao Bien Nha Trang c bao tin vui ve ai chung vien Xuan Loc m ca on nhan chung sinh cac giao phan Xuan Loc, alat, va Phan thiet sau thi gian dai ch i .

Lch s Giao Hoi Cong Giao Viet nam, mot minh chng hung hon c tin qua cam, hien ngang cua dan Chua gia long que hng va ong bao, bc theo tam gng song c tin can trng cua cac the he tien nhan t ao. Ngi tn huViet Nam hien ngang lam chng nhan cua Tin Mng, song niem tin manh liet vao c kito tren non song at Viet; ngi giao dan Viet Nam hai ngoai kien tr gi vng va song c tin tren cac mien at mi theo bc chan, tinh than truyen giao cua Thay giang Anre Phu yen t ao ngay 27-06-1644, c c Thanh Cha Gioan Phaolo II ton phong len hang chan phc vao ngay 05-03 tai Quang Trng Thanh Phero dp ai Nam Thanh 2000 .

ong hanh vi chan phc T ao Thay giang Anre Phu Yen, mau gng ngi giang vien giao ly the ky 17, hien ngang truyen giang Tin Mng va dang hien mang song gia tuoi 19 thanh xuan v tin tng tuyet oi vao tnh yeu cu nhan o the cua c Kito : "hom qua, hom nay va mai en muon i ". (Dt. 13,8 ) .

CHU THCH

(1) Kham nh S Viet Thng Giam cng Muc, quyen XXXIII, t 6a va 6b .
(2) Eugene L.Louvet, Les Mission catholiques au XIXe siecle, trang 207 .
(3) Adrien launay, Atlas des Missions de la soct des MEP, Lille 1890 .
(4) Tran anh Dung, S thao th muc Cong Giao Viet nam, Paris 1992
(5) Tran anh Dung, Lch s bien nien G.HC.G.Viet nam, Orlando, 1986
(6) nguyen ngoc sn, ngi Muc t Cong ong, 1994, trang 74-80
(7) Nien lch Cong Giao Viet nam 1995, Dan Chua Au Chau phat hanh .